When your string trimmer runs sluggishly it’s best to begin to look for items that restrict air, fuel, or spark.
A Honda string trimmer runs rough and bogs down due to a dirty carburetor, clogged fuel line, plugged fuel filter, dirty spark plug, plugged fuel tank vent, clogged air filter, plugged spark arrestor screen, or old gas.
Always follow Honda’s safety precautions when operating and working on your trimmer. Remove the spark plug boot, wait for the engine to cool, and wait for all parts to stop moving.
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Follow all safety instructions provided in your equipment operator’s manual prior to diagnosing, repairing, or operating. Consult a professional if you don’t have the skills, or knowledge or are not in the condition to perform the repair safely.
Your Honda String Trimmer Bogs Down & Runs Rough
1. Old or Bad Fuel in a Honda String Trimmer
When you experience running problems with your Honda string trimmer, the first thing to check is the quality of the fuel. Gas can oxidize and break down over time.
This can have negative effects on a Honda engine including running rough and bogging down.
Most gasoline includes ethanol, a plant-based fuel, that naturally attracts moisture to the fuel system.
The ethanol and water mixture will not only separate from gas, but it will also leave behind varnish that may affect the amount of fuel getting to the engine.
Using the right type of fuel and consuming it while it is still fresh is important for good engine performance.
Keep these items in mind when selecting fuel for a Honda string trimmer:
- Purchase fresh unleaded gasoline with a minimum 87-octane rating and a maximum 10% ethanol content.
- 4-cycle Honda engines require a straight gas. It has a separate fill port for engine oil.
- Consume fuel within 30 days.
- Add a fuel stabilizer if you are unable to consume fuel within 30 days so it lasts a little longer before breaking down.
- Store fuel indoors in a dry location away from combustible items.
Read more about choosing and storing fuel in This is the Gas and Oil Fuel Mix Honda String Trimmers Use.
SOLUTION: Empty old fuel from the fuel tank. Mix fuel for your string trimmer with a fuel stabilizer like Sea Foam Motor Treatment or STA-BIL to keep fuel stable, help clean the fuel system, and reduce moisture.
Add the fuel mixture to the fuel tank and allow it to run for 5 minutes so the new fuel works its way through the system.
The Honda string trimmer may begin to run better. If it doesn’t, proceed with checking the remaining items in the list until you find one that works.
2. Plugged Fuel Filter in a Honda String Trimmer
Continue checking other items that may be causing a fuel restriction including the fuel filter. This is the small cylinder-shaped part that is located inside the fuel tank and attached to the fuel line.
When the filter isn’t changed out regularly, it can become plugged with dirt keeping a good flow of fuel from getting to the carburetor. This will cause the trimmer to run rough and bog down.
SOLUTION: A plugged Honda fuel filter must be replaced using the following procedure:
- Wipe around the fuel cap to remove dirt, and then remove it.
- Empty the fuel tank into a clean fuel container.
- Set the trimmer on a flat surface.
- Pull the fuel filter out of the tank using a clean bent wire to hook the fuel line. Needle nose pliers may also work.
- Securely holding the fuel line, securely grab the filter and pull it out of the fuel line.
- Install a new fuel filter at the end of the fuel line.
- Place the filter back inside the fuel tank.
- Fill with fresh gas
- Place the fuel cap onto the fuel tank.
3. Clogged Fuel Line on a Honda String Trimmer
Inspect the fuel line and look for a clog or a kink that restricts the amount of fuel that is able to flow through the line. Clogs can develop from dirty fuel or gummy deposits left behind by running old fuel.
SOLUTION: Replace a Honda line with a new fuel line when you find a clog, kink, puncture, or leak in the line.
4. Dirty Carburetor on a Honda String Trimmer
The carburetor regulates the amount of gas that is mixed with air for combustion so the Honda starts and runs.
When this proportion of fuel-to-air is not correct, the string trimmer may begin to run rough. The passageways in the carburetor can become clogged and the small components that make up the carburetor can stick.
This can cause the Honda carburetor to fail to function properly and get enough fuel to the engine.
SOLUTION: You may be able to clean your carburetor to get it working again. However, you may end up having to rebuild (if rebuild kits are available for your carburetor) or replace the carburetor if cleaning doesn’t help.
Damaged carburetors due to old fuel running through them are a common issue.
Minimize carburetor damage by using fresh gas. Avoid the negative effects ethanol has on the carburetor by using a non-ethanol fuel like TruFuel 4-Cycle for 4-cycle engines.
5. Dirty Spark Plug on a Honda String Trimmer
A fouled spark plug on your Honda can cause it to misfire and run sluggishly.
A damaged spark plug, an incorrect spark plug gap, and a loose spark plug wire can also result in running problems with your string trimmer.
SOLUTION: Remove the spark plug using a socket wrench. Check its condition. Replace the spark plug if you find the tip is very dark in appearance, the porcelain is cracked or the electrode is burnt.
If you find your spark plug is in good condition and is just dirty, clean it with a wire brush or replace it with a new spark plug.
Check the spark plug gap using a feeler gauge to make sure it matches the engine manufacturer’s required specifications. Install the new or cleaned spark plug. Make sure the spark plug wire is securely attached.
6. Plugged Fuel Tank Vent on a Honda String Trimmer
The fuel tank must be able to vent to allow air to enter the tank while fuel is consumed. If the vent is plugged, the tank will form a vacuum keeping a good amount of fuel from getting to the carburetor.
This will cause the engine to run rough and bog down.
A fuel tank vent on most Honda string trimmers is built into the fuel cap.
If you are not getting fuel and you don’t have a restriction due to a clogged fuel line, plugged fuel filter, or dirty carburetor, your problem may be a plugged fuel tank vent.
You can test for a plugged fuel tank vent with a pressure gauge to identify a vacuum. If you don’t have a gauge, you can also determine if the tank vent is plugged by performing a running test with and without the fuel cap tightened.
Start by loosening the fuel cap to allow air into the tank. Start the trimmer and allow it to run. Be careful and keep your string trimmer level so you don’t spill any gas from the tank.
If your Honda trimmer runs strong and doesn’t bog down or run rough, tighten the fuel cap and see if you can replicate the issue to confirm the fuel tank vent is the problem.
SOLUTION: Replace the fuel cap if your trimmer starts to act up and run rough after tightening the gas cap.
7. Plugged Air Filter on a Honda String Trimmer
An air filter is essential to run on a Honda string trimmer. It provides protection to the engine by keeping dirt out of the air intake.
When the air filter isn’t checked, cleaned, and replaced to keep a clean filter on your trimmer, it can become plugged with so much dirt that sufficient air isn’t able to flow through the filter.
Without enough air, the engine will begin to run rough. It’s important to keep the air clean to protect the engine and not cause it to overheat due to a lack of air.
SOLUTION: Inspect the air filter and clean it if it is in good condition using the steps below. If the filter is very dirty, fuel-covered, or damaged, it must be replaced with a new one.
Clean a Honda string trimmer primary FOAM air filter:
- Remove the air filter cover and air filter.
- Clean the foam air filter using warm water and mild detergent.
- Rinse the filter until the water runs clear and allow it to air dry.
- Once dry, lightly saturate the filter with filter oil. Squeeze excess oil from the filter.
- Reinstall the filter.
- Reattach the air filter cover.
Because there are so several different types of air filters used on Honda products that can vary by model, refer to your Honda operator’s manual for steps to clean a different style of an air filter.
8. Plugged Spark Arrestor on a Honda String Trimmer
There is a small metal screen that keeps hot exhaust material from shooting out of a Honda string trimmer and causing injury or starting a fire.
This small screen will become plugged with a carbon buildup that will affect how the engine runs.
SOLUTION: Disconnect the spark plug wire. Remove the engine cover and the engine exhaust cover. Carefully remove the spark arrestor screen with a metal brush.
Install the clean spark arrestor screen. Reattach the engine exhaust cover and engine cover. Reattach the spark plug wire.
If the screen cannot be sufficiently cleaned or you find it is damaged or has a hole in it, it must be replaced with a new spark arrestor screen.