A Troy-Bilt chainsaw will not start when it isn’t getting sufficient air, fuel, and spark.
This can be caused by an incorrect choke setting, old fuel, plugged air filter, faulty ignition coil, bad spark plug, plugged fuel filter, dirty carburetor, or plugged spark arrestor.
It may also not start when the on/off switch is bad or the engine is flooded. Before performing repairs, always remove the spark plug boot. Follow all safety precautions in your Troy-Bilt operator’s manual.
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Follow all safety instructions provided in your equipment operator’s manual before diagnosing, repairing, or operating. Consult a professional if you don’t have the skills, or knowledge or are not in the condition to perform the repair safely.
Common Troy-Bilt Chainsaw Starting Problems
1. Bad Switch or Wrong Choke Setting
A Troy-Bilt chainsaw has an on/off switch for safety. The switch must be placed in the ON position before you attempt to start the saw.
In addition to having the switch in the right position, you must also engage the choke to start a cold engine by pulling the choke knob out. The choke restricts the airflow to allow more fuel and less air to start the engine.
This is needed to start a cold engine. Once the engine warms up, the choke must be disengaged (pushed in) to allow the engine to get sufficient air it needs to run.
SOLUTION: Make sure the on/off switch is placed in the on position. A faulty switch or bad ground wire can also be the reason a chainsaw won’t start.
2. Old or Bad Fuel
Old gas can cause many problems in the chainsaw including starting issues. Gas can become less effective and begin to break down as quickly as 30 days after purchase.
An alternative fuel known as ethanol is added to most of the fuels on the market today. This is a renewable fuel made from plants that makes fuels a little more environmentally friendly.
While ethanol is safe to use in most vehicles today, it is not good for a small engine like the one used in a chainsaw. Ethanol attracts moisture to the fuel system.
This mixture of water and ethanol will leave behind a sticky varnish over time that can gum the fuel system. This can cause restrictions that keep the chainsaw from getting sufficient fuel and may no longer start.
Because gasoline begins to degrade soon after purchase, it’s important to use gas within 30 days. If you are unable to consume it this quickly, add a fuel additive to stabilize the gas so it lasts a little longer.
Not all fuel stabilizers are the same and will keep fuel stable for the same lengths of time.
You must find out more information about the stabilizer you are using and never assume it lasts longer than 30 days unless the manufacturer provides this information.
Avoid gas with high levels of ethanol content like those sold as E15 and E85 as these have up to 15% and 85% ethanol content respectively. Read more about the gas and oil to use in your type of chainsaw here.
SOLUTION: When you are having starting problems and you find the fuel is old, empty the tank and fill it with fresh fuel.
Start the chainsaw to allow it to run through the chainsaw and work its way through the fuel system once you are able to get it started.
3. Wrong Fuel in a 2-Cycle Chainsaw
One thing you don’t want to get wrong is the type of fuel you add to your Troy-Bilt chainsaw. Getting this wrong can cause permanent engine damage.
A 2-cycle Troy-Bilt chainsaw requires a gas-to-oil mix at a ratio of 40:1. Use 40 parts of unleaded gas with a minimum 89-octane rating and a maximum ethanol content of 10%.
Mix in 1 part of a premium 2-cycle oil. Do not use regular engine oil.
NEVER run straight gas through a Troy-Bilt chainsaw. It runs very dry and can cause the engine to seize due to the lack of lubrication. A mistake like this could result in having to replace your chainsaw with a new one.
Ethanol-free fuel mix
Because ethanol in fuel negatively affects your chainsaw’s performance, using an ethanol-free fuel is best, but more costly.
While it is more costly, it is a convenient option to have sitting on the shelf so you don’t have to run out to the fuel station and mix the fuel. You can purchase this type of fuel in canisters from your local hardware store.
SOLUTION: If you find you have placed the wrong fuel mix in the fuel tank, drain the tank and add the right gas-to-oil mixture. Attempt to start the chainsaw.
When the engine won’t turn over or is running terribly, have a small engine mechanic test the engine to determine if running the wrong fuel causes permanent damage.
4. Plugged Air Filter
Sawdust and dirt go flying through the air when operating a chainsaw. To keep this dust from getting into the cylinder and wearing on the engine, an air filter is installed to ensure the engine receives clean air.
When the air filter isn’t regularly cleaned or replaced, sawdust and dirt can build up on the filter preventing sufficient air from passing through the filter and into the carburetor throat.
A lack of air can make it difficult to start a Troy-Bilt chainsaw and keep it running.
It’s good practice for the average homeowner to replace the air filter each year and clean it several times throughout the season. If you use your chainsaw more often than this, you’ll have to check, clean, and replace it at more frequent intervals.
Take time to inspect your air filter to prevent overheating the engine and causing damage. I know, this is one more step but takes less than a minute to check the condition of the filter.
SOLUTION: Remove the air filter and clean it if it’s a little dirty. If the filter is extremely dirty or damaged, it must be replaced. Never run a chainsaw without an air filter.
5. Bad Spark Plug
The spark plug provides the spark required to start and keep a Troy-Bilt chainsaw running. The spark plug is a wear item that should be changed annually for the casual user.
A dirty or damaged spark plug can cause the spark plug to misfire causing running issues.
SOLUTION: Inspect the spark plug and clean it with a wire brush if it is in good condition and just a little dirty. Replace a spark plug if you find it is very dark in color, has a burnt electrode, or broken porcelain.
Ensure the spark plug is gapped to the manufacturer’s specification and the wire is securely attached. These things can also cause starting problems.
6. Faulty Ignition Coil
If the spark plug is in good condition, but you still aren’t getting spark, check the ignition coil. The winding on the ignition coil can separate and short out.
When this happens, the spark plug won’t get the voltage required to create a spark. This will cause your chainsaw problems.
SOLUTION: Identify a bad ignition coil by checking it for a break in continuity. Replace the Troy-Bilt ignition coil if you find a break.
7. Plugged Fuel Filter
The fuel filter is used to keep dirt and debris from entering the fuel system. The filter is a cylinder-shaped part that is located inside the fuel tank. You will find it attached to the fuel line.
When the filter isn’t changed regularly or when dirty fuel has been used, it can become plugged not allowing sufficient fuel to pass through the filter. This may cause the saw to fail to start or run sluggishly.
SOLUTION: Replace a dirty fuel filter.
Replace a Troy-Bilt chainsaw fuel filter:
- Wipe around the fuel cap to keep any dirt from falling into the fuel tank when removing the fuel cap.
- Remove the fuel cap (allow the chainsaw to cool down first if you have been using it).
- Use a clean bent wire to hook the fuel line and pull the fuel filter out of the tank.
- Hold the fuel line securely while pulling the filter out of the fuel line. Don’t let go of the fuel line.
- Install a new Troy-Bilt fuel filter by inserting the male end into the fuel line making sure it is secured to the fuel line.
- Place the filter in the fuel tank and reinstall the fuel cap.
8. Bad Primer Bulb
A cracked primer bulb that won’t fill up with fuel won’t function correctly to get fuel to the carburetor.
SOLUTION: Replace with a new primer bulb.
9. Clogged or Punctured Fuel Line
A fuel restriction can be created when the fuel line becomes clogged. This can prevent the chainsaw from starting.
SOLUTION: Remove the clogged fuel line and use carburetor cleaner to help loosen the clog. Spray compressed air through the line to remove it.
If you are unable to remove the clog or you find the fuel line is dry, cracked, or punctured, it’s time to replace it with a new fuel line.
10. Dirty Carburetor
The carburetor regulates the amount of fuel that is mixed with air to create combustion in the cylinder. Old fuel will gum up and clog the carburetor so it no longer functions as designed. This can keep your chainsaw from starting.
SOLUTION: If you are a little mechanical you should be able to handle cleaning your carburetor. Clean the carburetor by taking it apart and using carburetor cleaner to clean it.
If the carburetor does not function after being cleaned, you may need to rebuild it or replace it with a new carburetor.
11. Bad Recoil Starter
A chainsaw uses a recoil to start the engine. A bad pulley; loose or missing spring; or broken clips can keep your recoil from working.
SOLUTION: You can attempt to replace the spring and restring the recoil. If it does not work because other components in your recoil are damaged, such as the clips or the pulley, you are better off just replacing the recoil assembly.
12. Plugged Spark Arrestor
The spark arrestor is a small screen in the muffler that can get plugged with soot. A plugged spark arrestor will prevent airflow causing a chainsaw not to start.
SOLUTION: Remove the spark arrestor and clean it with a wire brush. Replace the mesh spark arrestor screen when you are not able to clean it sufficiently or if it is damaged.
Never run a chainsaw without this screen or with a screen that has a hole in it. Without a screen, hot material can come out of the saw potentially starting a fire or causing burns.
13. Flooded Engine
The engine can become flooded when the choke is in the closed position and the starter rope was pulled many times.
It can also happen with the switch off and the starter rope being pulled multiple times or when the primer bulb is pushed too many times.
How to Fix a Flooded Engine on a Troy-Bilt Chainsaw
- Turn the switch on and make sure the choke is off (pushed in) and in the open/run position.
- Press the throttle trigger while pulling the starter rope over and over. This can take anywhere between 5 and 15 pulls before it starts. Your chainsaw engine will sputter first. Continue to pull 2 to 3 more times and it should start.
Troy-Bilt Chainsaw Starting Problems & Solutions (Quick Reference Chart)
|Bad Switch or Wrong Choke Setting||Ensure the choke is on to restrict airflow when starting a cold engine. Remove the choke once the engine has warmed so it continues to run.|
Replace a bad switch or bad ground wire.
|Old Fuel||Replace fuel that is older than 30 days with fresh fuel. Add a fuel stabilizer.|
|Incorrect Fuel||Drain the fuel. Use a gas and oil mixture at a ratio of 40:1 in current Troy-Bilt chainsaws|
|Plugged Air Filter||Remove a plugged air filter and clean it. Replace the filter with a new one if it is very dirty, wet or damaged.|
|Bad Spark Plug||Replace a bad spark plug. Make sure the electrode gap is correct and the spark plug wire is securely in place.|
|Faulty Ignition Coil||Replace a bad ignition coil.|
|Plugged Fuel Filter||Remove the old filter from the fuel tank and install a new fuel filter.|
|Weak Primer Bulb||Replace a cracked primer bulb.|
|Clogged, Dry or Cracked Fuel Line||Remove a clogged fuel line and remove the restriction. Replace a fuel line if the clog can’t be removed or the line is dry or cracked.|
|Dirty Carburetor||Remove and clean the carburetor. Rebuild any damaged parts or install a new carburetor assembly.|
|Bad Recoil Starter||Replace a damaged or missing spring. Restring the recoil starter if needed. Replace the recoil starter when it is damaged.|
|Plugged Spark Arrestor||Remove the spark arrestor from the muffler. Clean it using a wire brush and reinstall it. Replace a damaged spark arrestor.|
|Flooded Chainsaw||Fix this by using the method listed above.|
Still Having Problems with Your Troy-Bilt Chainsaw?
Check out my handy guide Common Troy-Bilt Chainsaw Problems for handy charts listing problems and solutions to many common problems chainsaw owners encounter.
This is a great guide to keep bookmarked. It covers problems with a chainsaw not starting, bogging down, or dying. You can also find information on a chain not turning, the engine only running with the choke on, and more.
In addition, you will find links to more detailed information on each issue.